A Collection of Hematology & Oncology Articles
The practice of oncology and hematology is in constant evolution. These articles highlight some of the most notable advancements and discoveries in the modern medical world. We invite you to use this site frequently and collaborate with medical professionals across the globe.
At Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute (FCS), our physicians and advanced practice providers are deeply vested in clinical research to provide the most cutting-edge treatment options available to our patients. In our own practices we are fortunate to offer over 300 clinical trials across 37 locations including 3 dedicated Phase 1 Drug Development Units. We value every opportunity to share best practices and the latest research both within and outside of our institution. We welcome you to use this collection as a resource to support your own research and understanding as we strive together to advance cancer care one step at a time.
Sintilimab Plus Chemotherapy for Unresectable Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer – The ORIENT-16 Randomized Clinical Trial
A different PD-1 inhibitor improves survival in patients with unresectable gastric of GEJ tumors, CPS >5, they also had maintenance capecitabine. Confirming role for maintenance immunotherapy.
MRI in addition to CT in patients scheduled for local therapy of colorectal liver metastases (CAMINO): an international, multicentre, prospective, diagnostic accuracy trial
This is a nice, practical study showing that when considering liver directed therapy, options in metastatic CRC, CT’s alone are insufficient and contrasted MRI can be helpful. More than 30% of patients had care that was impacted using MRI prior to any therapeutic decisions.
Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy in Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor–Mutated Metastatic Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer After Disease Progression on Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors: Final Results of CheckMate 722
For our NSCLC patients who carry a driver EGFR mutation, there seems to be little/no benefit of the addition of IO therapy to standard chemotherapy in the second line setting. Prior post hoc analyses showed a trend favoring immunotherapy (IO) therapy in those only having received one prior line of therapy and those with sensitizing EGFR mutations, however this was not confirmed in this randomized phase III study.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus camrelizumab for locally advanced cervical cancer (NACI study): a multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 trial
This is a Chinese study of neoadjuvant camrelizumab (PD1-MAb) + platinum-based chemo showing impressive effectiveness with an overall response rate (ORR) of 83% and a complete response (CR) of 19%. This drug is being studied in esophageal-SCC with promising reports as well. We will see if this gets studied in a Western population.
Atezolizumab plus chemotherapy versus placebo plus chemotherapy in untreated locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (IMvigor130): final overall survival analysis results from a randomised, controlled, phase 3 study
This is a negative study looking at atezolizumab + chemo vs. chemo alone in metastatic urothelial carcinoma. In the same issue, there is a negative study on atezolizumab vs. chemo alone, as well. It does seem that atezolizumab has limited disease activity versus some comparable agents.
Durvalumab Plus Carboplatin/Paclitaxel Followed by Maintenance Durvalumab With or Without Olaparib as First-Line Treatment for Advanced Endometrial Cancer: The Phase III DUO-E Trial
Initial results from the DUO-E study in metastatic endometrial cancer. The preliminary report suggests that maintenance durvalumab and maintenance durvalumab + olaparib were superior to standard observation after systemic carbo/taxol. As the trial data matures, the question will be: is this in all patients or driven by those with dMMR or HDR mutations?
Adjuvant Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in Patients With Locally Advanced Colon Cancer (COLOPEC): 5-Year Results of a Randomized Multicenter Trial
Negative study for the use of HIPEC in the adjuvant setting of high-risk or locally advanced colorectal cancers, including those with perforation and peritoneal invasion. HIPEC doesn’t seem to reduce the risk of peritoneal recurrence after potentially curative resection.
Efficacy and Safety of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in Patients With HER2-Expressing Solid Tumors: Primary Results From the DESTINY-PanTumor02 Phase II Trial
This is a study showing tumor agnostic activity of trastuzumab deruxtecan (T-DXd) with an all-comer overall response rate (ORR) of 37.1%, duration of response (DOR) of 11.3 months and an overall survival (OS) of 13.4 months in an otherwise heavily pre-treated group. Those with IHC-3+ derived larger benefit than 2+. Patients with ERBB2 mutations who had no expression of HER2 were excluded from the trial.
FCS Physician Focus
Burden of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression among patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer: A retrospective study from community oncology practices
FCS medical oncologist and hematologist Lowell L. Hart, MD, FACP was first-author a study with FCS co-authors President and Managing Physician Lucio N. Gordan, MD, Director of Pharmacy Operations Kristen Boykin, Senior Vice President & Data Officer Trevor Heritage, PhD, and (Retired) Vice President of Pharmacy Services Ray Bailey BPharm, RPh, that evaluated ES-SCLC patients with chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression over a seven-year period, from January 2013 through December 2020. Within this cohort, 98% of the patients experienced at least one myelosuppressive episode following chemotherapy treatment, leading to the need for supportive care, creating additional costs in health care management and time lost in treatment for ES-SCLC.